2020-10-28
php 自定义函数实现将数据 以excel 表格形式导出示例

php 自定义函数实现将数据 以excel 表格形式导出示例

本文实例讲述了php 自定义函数实现将数据 以excel 表格形式导出。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下: /** * 导出数据为excel表格 * @param * array $data 一个二维数组,结构如同从数据库查出来的数组 * array $title excel的第一行标题,一个数组,如果为空则没有标题 * String $filename 下载的文件名 */ function exportexcel($data=array(),$title=array(),$filename='report'){ header("Content-type:application/octet-stream"); header("Accept-Ranges:bytes"); header("Content-type:application/vnd.ms-excel"); header("Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=".$filename.".xls"); header("Pragma: no-cache"); header("Expires: 0"); //导出xls 开始 if (!empty($title)){ foreach ($title as $k => $v) { $title[$k]=iconv("UTF-8", "GB2312",$v); } $title= implode("\t", $title); echo "$title\n"; } if (!empty($data)){ foreach($data as $key=>$val){ foreach ($val as $ck => $cv) { $data[$key][$ck]=mb_convert_encoding($cv,"GB2312","UTF-8"); } $data[$key]=implode("\t", $data[$key]); } echo implode("\n",$data); } } php内置函数讲解 String mb_convert_encoding( $str, $encoding1,$encoding2 ) $str,要转换编码的字符串 $encoding1,目标编码,如utf-8,gbk,大小写均可 $encoding2,原编码,如utf-8,gbk,大小写均可 demo $title = array("title1","title2","title3"); $data = array("数据1","数据2","数据3"); $fileName = "demo"; exportexcel($data,$title,$fileName); 更多关于PHP相关内容感兴趣的读者可查看本站专题:《php操作office文档技巧总结(包括word,excel,access,ppt)》、《PHP数组(Array)操作技巧大全》、《PHP数据结构与算法教程》、《php程序设计算法总结》、《PHP数学运算技巧总结》、《php正则表达式用法总结》、《php字符串(string)用法总结》及《php常见数据库操作技巧汇总》 希望本文所述对大家PHP程序设计有所帮助。...
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2020-10-28
PHP使用PhpSpreadsheet操作Excel实例详解

PHP使用PhpSpreadsheet操作Excel实例详解

本文实例讲述了PHP使用PhpSpreadsheet操作Excel。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下: 一、PhpSpreadsheet 介绍 1、PhpSpreadsheet 是什么 PhpSpreadsheet是一个用纯PHP编写的库,提供了一组类,使您可以读取和写入不同的电子表格文件格式 PhpSpreadsheet提供了丰富的API接口,可以设置诸多单元格以及文档属性,包括样式、图片、日期、函数等等诸多应用,总之你想要什么样的Excel表格,PhpSpreadsheet都能做到 使用 PhpSpreadsheet 开发的PHP要求 7.1或更高版本 PhpSpreadsheet 支持链式操作 2、PhpSpreadsheet 支持的文件格式 3、PhpSpreadsheet 官方网址 https://phpspreadsheet.readthedocs.io 4、PhpSpreadsheet 安装 composer require phpoffice/phpspreadsheet 二、基础知识 1、载入 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 瑞块儿 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; autoload 奥特老特 # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); 2、获取工作簿 getActiveSheet <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); 3、获取单元格 两种获取单元格方式 getCell getCellByColumnAndRow <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); # 获取单元格 $cell = $sheet->getCell('A1'); $cell = $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(1,1); 4、设置单元格 setValue 参数:单元格的值 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); # 获取单元格 $cellA = $sheet->getCell('A1'); # 设置单元格值 $cellA->setValue('欧阳克'); # 获取单元格 $cellB = $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(1,2); # 设置单元格值 $cellB->setValue('黄蓉'); # 获取设置单元格,链式操作 $sheet->getCell('A3')->setValue('郭靖'); $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(1,4)->setValue('杨康'); 5、获取单元格值 getValue 获取单元格值 getCoordinate 获取单元格坐标 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); # 获取单元格 $cellA = $sheet->getCell('A1'); # 设置单元格值 $cellA->setValue('欧阳克'); echo '值: ', $cellA->getValue(),PHP_EOL; echo '坐标: ', $cellA->getCoordinate(); 6、保存表格 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); # 获取单元格 $cellA = $sheet->getCell('A1'); # 设置单元格值 $cellA->setValue('欧阳克'); # 获取单元格 $cellB = $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(1,2); # 设置单元格值 $cellB->setValue('黄蓉'); # 获取设置单元格,链式操作 $sheet->getCell('A3')->setValue('郭靖'); $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(1,4)->setValue('杨康'); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 三、强化单元格 1、设置单元格 setCellValue 参数1:单元格位置 参数2:单元格的值 setCellValueByColumnAndRow 参数1:列位置 参数2:行位置 参数3:单元格的值 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','姓名'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','年龄'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','身高'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 2, 1); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 2, '欧阳克'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 2, '18岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 2, '188cm'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 3, 2); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 3, '黄蓉'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 3, '17岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 3, '165cm'); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 2、单元格文字样式 getStyle 获取单元格样式 getFont 获取单元格文字样式 setBold 设置文字粗细 setName 设置文字字体 setSize 设置文字大小 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','姓名'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','年龄'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','身高'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 2, 1); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 2, '欧阳克'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 2, '18岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 2, '188cm'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 3, 2); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 3, '黄蓉'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 3, '17岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 3, '165cm'); $sheet->getStyle('B2')->getFont()->setBold(true)->setName('宋体')->setSize(20); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 3、单元格文字颜色 getColor() 获取坐标颜色 setRGB() 设置字体颜色 getRGB() 获取字体颜色 setARGB() 设置字体颜色 getARGB() 获取字体颜色 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','姓名'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','年龄'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','身高'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 2, 1); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 2, '欧阳克'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 2, '18岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 2, '188cm'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 3, 2); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 3, '黄蓉'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 3, '17岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 3, '165cm'); $sheet->getStyle('B2')->getFont()->getColor()->setRGB('#AEEEEE'); echo $sheet->getStyle('B2')->getFont()->getColor()->getRGB(),PHP_EOL; $sheet->getStyle('B3')->getFont()->getColor()->setARGB('FFFF0000'); echo $sheet->getStyle('B3')->getFont()->getColor()->getARGB(); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 4、单元格格式 getNumberFormat 获取格式 setFormatCode 设置格式 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','2019-10-10 10:10:10'); $sheet->setCellValue('A2','2019-10-10 10:10:10'); $sheet->getStyle('A2')->getNumberFormat()->setFormatCode(\PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Style\NumberFormat::FORMAT_DATE_YYYYMMDD2); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); setWrapText 设置文本里的\n符合为:换行 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1',"欧阳克\n黄蓉"); $sheet->getStyle('A1')->getAlignment()->setWrapText(true); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); getHyperlink 获取单元格链接 setUrl 设置单元格链接 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','www.php.cn'); $sheet->getCell('A1')->getHyperlink()->setUrl('http://www.php.cn'); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 四、批量操作 1、使用公式 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','10'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','15'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','20'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','25'); $sheet->setCellValue('E1','30'); $sheet->setCellValue('G1','35'); $sheet->setCellValue('A2', '总数:'); $sheet->setCellValue('B2', '=SUM(A1:G1)'); $sheet->setCellValue('A3', '平均数:'); $sheet->setCellValue('B3', '=AVERAGE(A1:G1)'); $sheet->setCellValue('A4', '最小数:'); $sheet->setCellValue('B4', '=MIN(A1:G1)'); $sheet->setCellValue('A5', '最大数:'); $sheet->setCellValue('B5', '=MAX(A1:G1)'); $sheet->setCellValue('A6', '最大数:'); $sheet->setCellValue('B6', '\=MAX(A1:G1)'); // 使用转义字符 # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 2、批量赋值 fromArray 从数组中的值填充工作表 参数1:数据(数组) 参数2:去除某个值 参数3:从哪个位置开始 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','姓名'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','年龄'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','身高'); $sheet->fromArray( [ [1,'欧阳克','18岁','188cm'], [2,'黄蓉','17岁','165cm'], [3,'郭靖','21岁','180cm'] ], 3, 'A2' ); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 3、合并单元格 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->mergeCells('A1:B5'); $sheet->getCell('A1')->setValue('欧阳克'); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 合并后,赋值只能给A1,开始的坐标。 4、拆分单元格 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->mergeCells('A1:B5'); $sheet->unmergeCells('A1:B5'); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 5、列和行操作 getColumnDimension 获取一列 getWidth 获取一列的宽度 setWidth 设置一列的宽度 setAutoSize 设置一列的宽度自动调整 getDefaultColumnDimension 获取一列的默认值 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); echo $sheet->getColumnDimension('A')->getWidth(); $sheet->getColumnDimension('A')->setWidth(100); $sheet->getColumnDimension('B')->setAutoSize(true); $sheet->getDefaultColumnDimension()->setWidth(1); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); getRowDimension 获取一行 getRowHeight 获取一行的高度 setRowHeight 设置一行的高度 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); echo $sheet->getRowDimension(1)->getRowHeight(); $sheet->getRowDimension(1)->setRowHeight(100); $sheet->getDefaultRowDimension()->setRowHeight(1); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); getHighestColumn 获取总列数 getHighestRow 获取总行数 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','姓名'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','年龄'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','身高'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 2, 1); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 2, '欧阳克'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 2, '18岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 2, '188cm'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 3, 2); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 3, '黄蓉'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 3, '17岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 3, '165cm'); echo $sheet->getHighestColumn(); echo $sheet->getHighestRow(); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 6、单元格样式 applyFromArray <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','姓名'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','年龄'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','身高'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 2, 1); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 2, '欧阳克'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 2, '18岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 2, '188cm'); $styleArray = [ // use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Style\Alignment; 文件里常量,就是参数 // Alignment::HORIZONTAL_CENTER 水平居中 // Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER 垂直居中 'alignment' => [ // 'horizontal' => Alignment::HORIZONTAL_CENTER, //水平居中 // 'vertical' => Alignment::VERTICAL_CENTER, //垂直居中 'horizontal' => 'center', //水平居中 'vertical' => 'center', //垂直居中 ], // use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Style\Border; 文件里常量,就是参数 // Border::BORDER_THICK 边框样式 'borders' => [ 'outline' => [ // 'borderStyle' => '\PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Style\Border::BORDER_THICK', 'borderStyle' => 'thick', 'color' => ['argb' => 'FFFF0000'], ], ], 'font' => [ 'name' => '黑体', 'bold' => true, 'size' => 22 ] ]; $sheet->getStyle('A1')->applyFromArray($styleArray); # Xlsx类 将电子表格保存到文件 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Writer\Xlsx; $writer = new Xlsx($spreadsheet); $writer->save('1.xlsx'); 五、工作薄操作 1、xlsx 文件下载 IOFactory::createWriter 写入到文件 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','姓名'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','年龄'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','身高'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 2, 1); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 2, '欧阳克'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 2, '18岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 2, '188cm'); // MIME 协议,文件的类型,不设置,会默认html header('Content-Type:application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet'); // MIME 协议的扩展 header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=1.xlsx'); // 缓存控制 header('Cache-Control:max-age=0'); $writer = \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\IOFactory::createWriter($spreadsheet, 'Xlsx'); // php://output 它是一个只写数据流, 允许你以 print 和 echo一样的方式写入到输出缓冲区。 $writer->save('php://output'); 2、xls 文件下载 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','姓名'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','年龄'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','身高'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 2, 1); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 2, '欧阳克'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 2, '18岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 2, '188cm'); $filename = '1.xls'; header('Content-Type:application/vnd.ms-excel'); header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=1.xls'); header('Cache-Control:max-age=0'); $writer = \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\IOFactory::createWriter($spreadsheet, 'Xls'); $writer->save('php://output'); 3、设置工作簿标题 setTitle <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','姓名'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','年龄'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','身高'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(1, 2, 1); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(2, 2, '欧阳克'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(3, 2, '18岁'); $sheet->setCellValueByColumnAndRow(4, 2, '188cm'); $sheet->setTitle('欧阳克'); // MIME 协议,文件的类型,不设置,会默认html header('Content-Type:application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet'); // MIME 协议的扩展 header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=1.xlsx'); // 缓存控制 header('Cache-Control:max-age=0'); $writer = \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\IOFactory::createWriter($spreadsheet, 'Xlsx'); // php://output 它是一个只写数据流, 允许你以 print 和 echo一样的方式写入到输出缓冲区。 $writer->save('php://output'); 4、读取表格 <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 创建读操作 $reader = \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\IOFactory::createReader('Xlsx'); # 打开文件、载入excel表格 $spreadsheet = $reader->load('1.xlsx'); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); # 获取 单元格值 和 坐标 $cellC1 = $sheet->getCell('B2'); echo '值: ', $cellC1->getValue(),PHP_EOL; echo '坐标: ', $cellC1->getCoordinate(),PHP_EOL; $sheet->setCellValue('B2','欧阳锋'); # 获取 单元格值 和 坐标 $cellC2 = $sheet->getCell('B2'); echo '值: ', $cellC2->getValue(),PHP_EOL; echo '坐标: ', $cellC2->getCoordinate(); 六、office 后缀对应的 content-type 后缀 MIME Type .doc application/msword .dot application/msword .docx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document .dotx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template .docm application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12 .dotm application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12 .xls application/vnd.ms-excel .xlt application/vnd.ms-excel .xla application/vnd.ms-excel .xlsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet .xltx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template .xlsm application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12 .xltm application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12 .xlam application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12 .xlsb application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12 .ppt application/vnd.ms-powerpoint .pot application/vnd.ms-powerpoint .pps application/vnd.ms-powerpoint .ppa application/vnd.ms-powerpoint .pptx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation .potx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template .ppsx application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow .ppam application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12 .pptm application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12 .potm application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12 .ppsm application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12 七、实战 1、导出数据 login_log 登陆日志表 CREATE TABLE `login_log` ( `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `uid` int(11) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '管理员ID', `client` tinyint(4) unsigned DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '0-PC 1-ios 2-android', `add_time` int(11) DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '创建时间', `ip` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '登录IP', PRIMARY KEY (`id`) USING BTREE ) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=1122 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COLLATE=utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci COMMENT='登录日志'; index.php 数据列表页面 <?php # 载入方法库 require 'function.php'; $select = select('login_log','*'); if(empty($select)){ exit; }else{ foreach($select as &$v){ switch ($v['client']) { case 0: $v['client'] = 'PC电脑'; break; case 1: $v['client'] = '苹果手机'; break; case 2: $v['client'] = '安卓手机'; break; } $v['add_time'] = date('Y-m-d H:i:s',$v['add_time']); } } ?> <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="UTF-8"> <title>导出数据</title> <link rel="stylesheet" href="layui/css/layui.css" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" > </head> <body> <div style="text-align:center;"> <a href="download.php" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="layui-btn layui-btn-radius layui-btn-danger">导出数据</a> </div> <table class="layui-table"> <thead> <tr> <th>ID</th> <th>用户ID</th> <th>登陆设备</th> <th>登陆时间</th> <th>登陆ip</th> </tr> </thead> <tbody> <?php foreach($select as $v){ ?> <tr> <td><?php echo $v['id'] ?></td> <td><?php echo $v['uid'] ?></td> <td><?php echo $v['client'] ?></td> <td><?php echo $v['add_time'] ?></td> <td><?php echo $v['ip'] ?></td> </tr> <?php } ?> </tbody> </table> </body> </html> download.php 导出操作 <?php # 载入方法库 require 'function.php'; $select = select('login_log','*'); if(empty($select)){ exit; }else{ foreach($select as &$v){ switch ($v['client']) { case 0: $v['client'] = 'PC电脑'; break; case 1: $v['client'] = '苹果手机'; break; case 2: $v['client'] = '安卓手机'; break; } $v['add_time'] = date('Y-m-d H:i:s',$v['add_time']); } } # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','用户ID'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','登陆设备'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','登陆时间'); $sheet->setCellValue('E1','登陆ip'); $sheet->fromArray( $select, null, 'A2' ); // MIME 协议,文件的类型,不设置,会默认html header('Content-Type:application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet'); // MIME 协议的扩展 header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=1.xlsx'); // 缓存控制 header('Cache-Control:max-age=0'); $writer = \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\IOFactory::createWriter($spreadsheet, 'Xlsx'); // php://output 它是一个只写数据流, 允许你以 print 和 echo一样的方式写入到输出缓冲区。 $writer->save('php://output'); ?> 2、导入数据 数据库 # 商品分类表 CREATE TABLE `shop_cat` ( `id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT COMMENT 'ID', `pid` int(10) unsigned DEFAULT '0' COMMENT '父ID', `name` varchar(50) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '分类名', `status` tinyint(1) unsigned DEFAULT '1' COMMENT '状态 1开启 0关闭', PRIMARY KEY (`id`) ) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=8 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COMMENT='分类表'; INSERT INTO `shop_cat` VALUES (1, 0, '女装', 1); INSERT INTO `shop_cat` VALUES (2, 0, '男装', 1); INSERT INTO `shop_cat` VALUES (3, 0, '孕产', 1); INSERT INTO `shop_cat` VALUES (4, 1, '连衣裙', 1); INSERT INTO `shop_cat` VALUES (5, 1, '牛仔裤', 1); INSERT INTO `shop_cat` VALUES (6, 2, '衬衫', 1); INSERT INTO `shop_cat` VALUES (7, 3, '睡衣', 1); # 商品表 CREATE TABLE `shop_list` ( `id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT, `cat_id` int(10) unsigned DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '分类ID', `cat_fid` int(10) unsigned DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '分类父ID', `title` varchar(200) NOT NULL COMMENT '商品标题', `price` double(10,2) unsigned NOT NULL COMMENT '价格', `img` varchar(200) NOT NULL COMMENT '商品图片', `add_time` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL COMMENT '添加时间', PRIMARY KEY (`id`) ) ENGINE=MyISAM AUTO_INCREMENT=1 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8mb4 COMMENT='商品表'; index.php 导入页面 <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <meta charset="UTF-8"> <title>导出数据</title> <link rel="stylesheet" href="layui/css/layui.css" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" > </head> <body> <div style="text-align:center;"> <button type="button" class="layui-btn" id="up"><i class="layui-icon"></i>上传文件</button> <a href="download.php" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="layui-btn layui-btn-danger"><i class="layui-icon"></i>示例下载</a> </div> <div id="log" style="text-align:center;"> </div> </body> </html> <script src="layui/layui.js" charset="utf-8"></script> <script> layui.use('upload', function(){ var $ = layui.jquery ,upload = layui.upload; upload.render({ elem: '#up' ,url: 'data.php' ,accept: 'file' //普通文件 ,done: function(res){ if(res.code == 0){ for(var i=0;i<res.data.length;i++){ $("#log").append('<div>'+res.data[i]+'</div>'); } } } }); }) </script> 导入功能 <?php $file = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name']; # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 载入方法库 require 'function.php'; # 创建读操作 $reader = \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\IOFactory::createReader('Xlsx'); # 打开文件、载入excel表格 $spreadsheet = $reader->load($file); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); # 获取总列数 $highestColumn = $sheet->getHighestColumn(); # 获取总行数 $highestRow = $sheet->getHighestRow(); # 列数 改为数字显示 $highestColumnIndex = \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Cell\Coordinate::columnIndexFromString($highestColumn); $log = []; for($a=2;$a<$highestRow;$a++){ $title = $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(1,$a)->getValue(); $cat_fname = $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(2,$a)->getValue(); $cat_name = $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(3,$a)->getValue(); $price = $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(4,$a)->getValue(); $img = $sheet->getCellByColumnAndRow(5,$a)->getValue(); $cat_fid = find('shop_cat','id','name="'.$cat_fname.'"'); $cat_id = find('shop_cat','id','name="'.$cat_name.'"'); $data = [ 'title' => $title, 'cat_fid' => $cat_fid['id'], 'cat_id' => $cat_id['id'], 'price' => $price, 'img' => $img, 'add_time' => time(), ]; $ins = insert('shop_list',$data); if($ins){ $log[] = '第'.$a.'条,插入成功'; }else{ $log[] = '第'.$a.'条,插入失败'; } } echo json_encode(['code'=>0,'msg'=>'成功','data'=>$log]); 下载示例(范文) <?php # 载入composer自动加载文件 require 'vendor/autoload.php'; # 给类文件的命名空间起个别名 use \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\Spreadsheet; # 实例化 Spreadsheet 对象 $spreadsheet = new Spreadsheet(); # 获取活动工作薄 $sheet = $spreadsheet->getActiveSheet(); $sheet->setCellValue('A1','商品标题'); $sheet->setCellValue('B1','一级分类'); $sheet->setCellValue('C1','二级分类'); $sheet->setCellValue('D1','进货价'); $sheet->setCellValue('E1','图片'); $data = [ '云朵般轻盈的仙女裙 高级钉珠收腰长裙 气质无袖连衣裙', '女装', '连衣裙', 279.99, 'https://gd3.alicdn.com/imgextra/i3/266969832/O1CN01PWUBBB2MV6ekBKtb6_!!266969832.jpg_400x400.jpg', ]; $sheet->fromArray( $data, null, 'A2' ); // MIME 协议,文件的类型,不设置,会默认html header('Content-Type:application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet'); // MIME 协议的扩展 header('Content-Disposition:attachment;filename=商品列表示例.xlsx'); // 缓存控制 header('Cache-Control:max-age=0'); $writer = \PhpOffice\PhpSpreadsheet\IOFactory::createWriter($spreadsheet, 'Xlsx'); // php://output 它是一个只写数据流, 允许你以 print 和 echo一样的方式写入到输出缓冲区。 $writer->save('php://output'); 更多关于PHP相关内容感兴趣的读者可查看本站专题:《php操作office文档技巧总结(包括word,excel,access,ppt)》、《PHP数组(Array)操作技巧大全》、《PHP数据结构与算法教程》、《php程序设计算法总结》、《PHP数学运算技巧总结》、《php正则表达式用法总结》、《php字符串(string)用法总结》及《php常见数据库操作技巧汇总》 希望本文所述对大家PHP程序设计有所帮助。 ...
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